**Numeral Identification Overview**

Numeral Identification assesses a student's ability to correctly identify the name of the symbol that represents a number. Numeral Identification is considered to be one of the many aspects of number sense, and is typically represented within the counting component of number sense. Number sense counting tasks have been identified as powerful short and long-term predictors of mathematical achievement.

Numeral Identification is designed for screening and progress monitoring.

**Kindergarten Test Construction**

All numerals between 0 and 31 were used. The test consists of 75 items arranged in 15 rows with five numerals per row. The first seven rows of the student sheet are stratified from easier to more difficult items in the following manner: rows one and two contain only single digits 0–9, rows three to six and the first two spaces of row seven contain all double-digit numerals 10–31. Each of the rows mentioned above contain each number within the specified range only once. The remainder of row seven and rows 8–15 contain all numbers 0–31 with some repetition across rows. The order of numerals within each row was determined using a random number generator, but manual changes were made if the random number generator created consecutive sequences of counting or patterns that would be recognized by the student (e.g., 4, 5, 6 or 5, 10, 15). This is a one minute timed assessment that also has an inventory option. An inventory option allows the teacher to find out which numerals between 0 and 31 the student has mastered, even if the student does not complete the task in one minute. This subtest is an optional screening assessment.

**First Grade Test Construction**

All numerals between 0 and 120 were used. The test consists of 96 items arranged in 16 rows, with six numerals per row. The first seven rows of the student sheet are stratified from easier to more difficult items in the following manner: row one contains only single digits, row two contains numerals 11–19, row three contains 0 and multiples of 10, row four contains numerals 21–29, row five contains numerals 31–49, row six contains numerals 51–99, and row seven contains numerals 101–119. Each of the rows mentioned above contain each number within the specified range only once. Rows 8–16 contain all numerals 0–120 with some repetition across rows. The order of numerals within each row was determined using a random number generator, but manual changes were made if the random number generator created consecutive sequences of counting or patterns that would be recognized by a student (e.g., 4, 5, 6 or 5, 10, 15). This is a one minute timed assessment that also has an inventory option. An inventory option allows the teacher to find out which numerals between 0 and 120 the student has mastered, even if the student does not complete the task in one minute.

Before administering the earlyMath - Numeral Identification subtest be sure to download the student forms from the Training & Resources tab in the FastBridge system.

Select the Downloads tile under the Training & Resources tab.

Then, select Download resources under earlyMath

Finally, click on the PDF icon under the NI-K or NI-1 column, in the Administrator row.

The student form looks like this:

To administer this assessment for the purpose of universal screening:

- Log in to the FastBridge system as a teacher.
- Go to the Screening tab.
- Select the earlyMath assessment.
- Select the NI-k or NI-1 column from the earlyMath Screening page.

To administer this assessment for purposes of progress monitoring:

- Log into the FastBridge system as a teacher or a specialist.
- Go to the Progress Monitoring tab.
- Use the filters to find the correct assessment group of students.
- Select Start for the desired student and choose a Form.

Here is what the teacher sees when administering the earlyMath - Numeral Identification subtest.

For more information about the earlyMath - Numeral Identification subtest complete the online earlyMath course found in the Training & Resources section of the FastBridge system.

To do so, navigate to the Training & Resources tab, and click on the earlyMath course tile.

Then, select the Numeral Identification option on the vertical menu. Complete Lessons 1 through 8 in order to certify in the earlyMath Numeral Identifications subtest.